Chennai, Bangalore suicide capitals

The south Indian metros of Chennai and Bangalore have maintained the dubious distinction of being the suicide capitals for another year with a fresh government report showing that there is a rise in such incidents in cities while the country is showing a declining trend.

Prepared by National Crimes Record Bureau (NCRB) and made public on Monday, the ‘Accident Deaths and Suicides in India 2013’ report showed that the suicides decreased to 1,34,799 last year from 1,35,445 in 2012. It meant that every four-minute in 2013, a man or a woman ended his life.

However, the figures for 53 mega cities with a population of more than ten lakh, such incidents rose to 21,313 from 19,120.

Suicide-hanging_1_Naijapalsdotcom

Like in 2012, Chennai and Bangalore have topped the list of suicides in cities with 2,450 and 2,033 incidents respectively last year followed by Delhi (1,753) and Mumbai (1,322). Together, the report said, these cities accounted for 35.5 per cent of the total suicides reported from 53 cities. In 2012 too, these cities maintained the same rankings.

“It is observed that social and economic causes have led most of the males to commit suicides whereas emotional and personal causes have mainly driven females to end their lives. Family problems (24 per cent) and illness (19.6 per cent) have accounted for 43.6 per cent of total suicides in country during 2013,” the report said.

Among the states, Maharashtra topped the list with 16,622 suicides followed by Tamil Nadu 16,601 and Andhra Pradesh 14,607. West Bengal (13,055) and Karnataka (11,266) also found their place in the top-five.

One of the shocking findings of the report is that the suicides of 26 girls under 14 years of age who committed suicides were “housewives” while two of the same age group worked in PSUs. In 2012, 28 girls under the age of 14 years who were housewives ended their lives.

Silhouette_Suicide_by_JustinMs66

A total of 3,964 “housewives” committed suicide last year, of which 382 were from Chennai and 380 from Bangalore.

Statistically, there is comfort for the Centre and state governments on the farmer suicide front with the numbers coming down in 2013 compared to 2012. Last year, there were 11,772 farmer suicides compared to 13,754 in 2012.

Maharashtra had the highest number of 3,146 farmer suicides last year as against 3,786 in 2012 followed by Andhra Pradesh (2014) and Karnataka (1,403). In the previous year, Andhra had 2,572 such incidents and Karnataka 1,875.

On the accidents front, the death due to road accidents have come down from 1,39,091  in 2012 to 1,37,423 last year. The highest number of deaths due to road accidents during the years were reported in Uttar Pradesh (15,630) followed by Tamil Nadu (15,563), Andhra Pradesh (14,647) and Maharashtra (13,245). Karnataka had 9,044 deaths due to road accidents in 2013.

(An edited version appeared in Deccan Herald on July 1, 2014)

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