NE and Insurgency

Violent incidents and civilian casualties due to insurgency reported a decline in the troubled north-east this year but the killings of security personnel have shown a three-fold rise, according to a Home Ministry analysis.

Seven insurgency-prone states — Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura, Meghalaya and Assam — together accounted for 418 violent insurgent actions this year until September 15, down from 575 during same period last year.

Manipur and Meghalaya reported the highest number of 169 and 89 incidents respectively this year. For the whole 2014, there were 824 incidents as against 732 in 2013.

The decline in violence comes at a time the government and Naga insurgent group NSCN(IM) have signed a framework agreement to finalise a peace accord and attacks on security personnel by rival Naga outfit NSCN(K).

The drop in violence also reflected in the impressive 71 per cent decline — from 114 until September 15 last year to 32 during same period this year. This decline becomes more significant when one compares the 2013 and 2014 figures.

The civilian casualty last year had almost doubled to 212 from 107 in 2013 with Assam topping the list in both years. This year, 12 civilians were killed in Assam while 8 lost their life in Meghalaya, 7 in Assam and 5 in Nagaland.

Even the incidents of kidnapping have also come down to 182 from 250. Nagaland had witnessed the highest number of abductions at 55 while for the whole of 2014 witnessed 65 such incidents in the state.

One figure that would be considered negative for the security is the rise in number of casualty among security personnel. This year there were 40 casualties of security personnel as against 12 last year. This year’s figure includes the killing of 18 Army personnel in Manipur on June 4 this year by NSCN(K) operatives.

Another is the decrease in the number of surrenders of militants — from 170 in 2014 to 91 this year. However, the number of arrest of extremists has shown a slight increase to 1,453 from 1,401.

Till Sept 15, 2015 Till Sept  15, 2014 For whole 2014
Incidents 418 575 824
Extremists Killed 115 128 181
Extremists Arrested 1,453 1,401 1,934
Security Forces Killed 40 12 20
Civilians Killed 32 114 212
Persons Kidnapped 182 250 269
Extremists Surrendered 91 170 291
Arms Recovered 597 791 1,104
Arms Looted 8 7 19
Arms Surrendered 42 77 151

(An edited version appeared in Deccan Herald on Sep 20, 2015)

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