Divorced or Separated: India in numbers

For every divorced or separated man in India, there are three such women and none of the major religions, except Sikhism, has bucked the trend.

The latest findings are part of the report ‘Marital Status by religious Community and Sex: Census 2011’ released on Wednesday, which showed that 67.02 per cent (32.82 lakh) of the 48.97 lakh people who have divorced or living separately are women.

According to the report, there are 35.35 lakh people who are separated while another 13.62 lakh have got legal divorce.

Among this, 23.72 lakh married women are living separately from their husbands while the number of men living separately from their wives are 11.62 lakh.

The number of women who have got divorce legally is 9.09 lakh while that of men is 4.52 lakh.

There are 57.08 crore ‘never married’ people, 57.95 crore married ones and 5.55 crore widowed people.

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Divorced/Separated

  Total  

Men

 

Women

 

Hindu

 

38.33 lakh

 

13.10 lakh

 

25.23 lakh

 

Muslim

 

6.54 lakh

 

1.54 lakh

 

4.99 lakh

 

Christian

 

1.92 lakh

 

61,361

 

1.30 lakh

 

Buddhist

 

63,123

 

19,859

 

43,264

 

Jain

 

15,455

 

6,489

 

8,966

 

Sikh

 

82,291

 

43,603

 

38,688

 

Total

 

48.97 lakh

 

16.15 lakh

 

32.83 lakh

Source: Census 2011

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If one goes by the proportion of divorced or separated women among religion, Muslims seem to have the worst record.

Of the 17.22 crore Muslim population, 3.84 lakh (0.22 per cent) are living separately while 2.69 lakh (0.15 per cent) have got divorce.

Though Muslims may have similar proportion of its population of separated and divorced people, the number of women is more than three times. Hindus’ proportion of separated people is 0.29 per cent while that of divorced population is 0.09 per cent.

While there are 97,120 men who are living separately, the number of women is 2.87 lakh. Similarly, the number of divorced men is 57,535 while that of women is 2.12 lakh.

For no other religion, the proportion of such women are this high though it is double or just more than double.

The number of Hindu separated men is 9.66 lakh while that of women is 19.04 lakh and divorced men 3.44 lakh and 6.18 women.

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ALL INDIA

 

Marital Status

 

Total

 

Men

 

Women

 

Never married

57.08 crore 32.28 crore 24.79 crore
 

Married

57.95 crore 28.65 crore 29.30 crore
 

Widowed

5.55 crore 1.22 crore 4.32 crore
 

Separated

35.35 lakh 11.62 lakh 23.72 lakh
 

Divorced

13.62 lakh 4.52 lakh 9.09 lakh

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Among Christians, who have strict anti-divorce laws in certain denominations, too the number of such women is double than that of men. While there are 60,361 divorced or separated men, there are 1.30 lakh such women.

However, the only religion which has a reverse trend in India is Sikhism. The number of separated women following Sikhism is marginally high – 24,448 men against 24,956 while the number of divorced women is less – 19,155 men as against 13,732 women.

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